The department is committed to the initiation, promotion, execution and dissemination of high-quality treatment of all aspects of treatment & rehabilitative services. It provides conservative treatment methods addressing the treatment, healing and prevention of injuries and disabilities. It also focuses primarily, but not solely, on pain relief, promoting healing, restoring function and movement, facilitation and adaptation associated with injury.
Manipal Hospitals Jaipur is one of the best Orthopedic Hospital in India and is equipped with a wide array of specialities ranging from Sports Medicine, Paediatric Orthopaedics Services, Arthritis Diagnosis to Treatment and Pain Management.
Who is an Orthopaedic?
An Orthopaedic surgeon is a physician devoted to the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation of injuries, disorders and diseases of the body's musculoskeletal system. This system includes bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves and tendons.
Conditions treated under Orthopaedics
- Joint Replacement Surgery: Joint Replacement Surgery is a procedure in which parts of a damaged joint are replaced with a prosthesis. The prosthesis is usually made from metal, ceramic or plastic. It easily replicates the movement of a healthy joint. Joint replacement surgery is performed on the knee, hip, wrist, ankle, elbow and shoulder. The most commonly performed ones include hip and knee replacements.
- Total Knee Replacement Surgery: Also known as Knee Arthroplasty. If a patient’s knee has a serious damage by arthritis or because of an injury, it becomes difficult for them to perform everyday activities, such as climbing stairs or walking. After a period, they may even begin to feel pain while sitting or lying down. Doctors at first advise to go for a medication and if medications prove no longer to be helpful, the doctor may advise the patient to undergo a total knee replacement surgery. It is a safe procedure that helps in pain relief, corrects leg deformity and helps the patient resume normal activities.
There are four steps to a total knee replacement surgery: -
- Preparation of the bone
- Positioning the metal implants
- Resurfacing the patella
- Inserting a spacer
Before a total knee replacement surgery is performed, Orthopaedics do an evaluation of the medical history, conduct a physical examination, X-rays and other tests like MRI and blood tests. The doctor then reviews the results and discusses with the patient if total knee replacement surgery is the best option in their case to improve function and relieve pain. Other treatment options include physical therapy, medications, injections and other types of surgery.
- Hip Replacement Surgery: Hip Replacement Surgery intends to relieve hip pain and increase its function by resurfacing the bones that meet at the hip joint. The surgeon removes the femoral head and replaces it with a prosthesis. This prosthetic femur head is in a shape of a ball and fits seamlessly into the rounded cup prosthesis that becomes the new socket of the pelvis. If the hip is damaged by fracture, arthritis, or any other condition and even if changes in lifestyle, everyday activities, medications and walking support do not help in making the condition better, the doctor may recommend a hip replacement surgery. It is a safe surgery that effectively helps the patient by relieving pain, helping them to get back to normal, increasing motion and enjoying everyday activities.
- Disc Replacement Surgery: Any unremitting lower back pain which is not getting better from medication may require disc replacement surgery to restore one’s ability to function. The painful disc is replaced with a prosthetic implant with an aim to bring back normal function. A successful disc replacement surgery increases motion, improves the lifestyle of the patient while relieving the pain. We at Manipal Hospitals Jaipur believe in offering the patients right treatment and care straight from day 1 to the discharge day. We also help the patients in knowing if they require a disc replacement surgery.
- Spinal Fractures and Paralysis: Spinal Fracture or Spinal Instability is a cause of abnormal movement between two vertebrae. This abnormality can lead to damage or pain in the nerves and spinal cord. Spinal fractures are mostly due to sports injuries, falls, car injuries and gunshots. Symptoms of a spinal fracture include numbness, back or neck pain, weakness, muscle spasm, paralysis, tingling and bowel or bladder changes. Doctors conduct X-rays, CT Scan and MRI to diagnose the severity of the situation.
- Spondylitis: Also known as Ankylosing Spondylitis. It is a result of inflammation of the vertebral joints. This condition develops silently and comes into prominence once fully developed.
The three main types of spondylitis include
- Cervical Spondylitis
- Lumbar Spondylitis
- Ankylosing Spondylitis
Doctors suggest spinal and stretching exercises to help improve posture and mobility. Medications include oral corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, tumour necrosis factor inhibitors and corticosteroid injections.
- Arthritis; Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints and is usually accompanied by frequent joint pain (arthralgia). Common symptoms of arthritis include joint redness, swelling, stiffness and limited movement. The major causes of arthritis are broken bone, autoimmune disease, infection and wear and tear in joints. Doctors rely on anti-inflammatory drugs in the initial stages to limit swelling and suppress pain. However, a surgery is required when the joint cartilage is damaged to an extent that any effort to use it becomes painful.
- Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis weakens the bones and makes them susceptible to unexpected and sudden fractures and also leads to loss of bone mass and strength. The condition often progresses without any painful and visible symptoms. Those suspecting osteoporosis should immediately consult the doctor for a timely treatment. This condition usually fractures wrist, hip and spine. The signs and symptoms include back pain, reduced mobility, drop in blood pressure, loss of height, stooped posture and an increased risk of falling. The common causes are bone cancer, smoking, low calcium diet, genetic disorders, age and thyroid problems. Upon diagnosis, doctors recommend weight-bearing exercises, estrogen therapy, vitamin D and calcium supplements and medications that improve bone density. Osteoporosis mostly affects women in their post-menopausal stage.